Bronchitis Effects: Chronic Bronchitis Effects

Bronchitis Effects: Chronic Bronchitis Effects

Lungs are the respiratory organs of the human body. They contain tube like structures called the bronchial tubes or airways through which the air passes. When the airways are exposed to tobacco, dust, or other chemical substances for a long period of time, it is likely that a person may develop bronchitis.

Coughing is a reflex response occurring due to stimulation of the sensory nerves in the inner lining of the respiratory passages. It usually occurs due to blockage in the respiratory passages by inhaling dust particles in the air, or when a morsel of food goes down through the wrong passage. Phlegm or mucus is a thick, jelly-like fluid coughed up from the throat.

Chest burning accompanied by coughing bouts could be an indication of a significant ailment and therefore, dismissing it's neither wise nor advised. The lungs tend to be based in the chest region and are one of the most important organs of the body. The lungs are responsible for providing oxygen in order to the body, which is done by inhaling air and converting it into o2. This is then passed on in to the bloodstream. They are also responsible for expelling the impure carbon dioxide from the body. Therefore, any kind of condition that afflicts the actual lungs needs to be given expected interest because it directly affects our own breathing and therefore our health. There are a number of ailments that can lead to coughing and burning in the chest region. Let's review these and provide you with the options of the same.

While flu virus or varicella zoster virus are known to cause pneumonia in children and young adults, this condition can also be caused as a result of microorganism called Streptococcus pneumoniae. Those who agreement such bacterial infections be inclined to experience symptoms such as:

  • Yellow Phlegm: It may be possible that the phlegm may change its consistency and color depending on the stage of the condition.
  • Yellow mucus is seen in case of a bacterial infection, lower respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, cold, or flu.
  • Know that it is the accumulation of inflammatory cells that produce a thick, yellow mucus.
  • Besides, the ejection of phlegm becomes very painful and uncomfortable, especially when it thickens.
  • Due to the presence of fluid or pus in the lungs, the lungs are not able to perform their duties correctly.
  • The main task of the lungs is to flow oxygen to all the cells in the body, after purifying it from the air.
  • Pneumonia limits this features of the lungs, and reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the various parts of the body.
  • SolutionAvoid overeating, sustain a proper routine for eating, avoid eating hot and oily foods as well as give up smoking.
  • All these will help prevent acid reflux.
  • For instant relief although, use antacids.
  • Cough, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and wheezing are the most common symptoms which show up in a person suffering from any kind of lung disease.
  • Although rare but incidents of stridor (refers to a whistling sound; usually occurs during inspiration).

Case of inner bleeding, or if a fungal golf ball has formed in the lungs, antifungal medications tend to be of no use as they cannot penetrate this ball. In such a case, the patient may have to undertake embolization, to prevent bleeding, or surgery to remove the fungus ball. In case of hypersensitive aspergillosis, oral corticosteroids are known to be effective in curbing the infection. In people with compromised immune system, the main issue has to be addressed.

  • Gargling: This is a very good way to control the neck irritation.
  • Dissolve one teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and make use of this solution for gargling several times in a day.
  • This will rinse the mucus from your throat and reduce the frequency of coughing.

Basically, nose cough is a symptom of a sinus infection which is also known as sinusitis. In this condition, irritation occurs in the small nose cavities. It mostly happens when the upper respiratory tract is attacked by germs like the common cold virus, bacteria or fungi. When the nose passage gets irritated due to exposure to things that trigger allergies, dust, smoke or harmful chemical compounds, then also it may lead to sinus irritation and infection.

  • Remedy # 5 - Hot Water Seems too simple?
  • Good, that's basically the idea.
  • Hot water when sipped throughout the day will keep the throat from drying up, thus preventing the painful bouts of dry cough.
  • Other than that it will also act as a means of killing the bacterial growth and providing relief from the pain and inflammation in the throat.

Contributing Elements and Symptoms

Bronchitis describes the inflammation of the lining of the bronchial pontoons that perform the essential task of carrying air to be able to and from the lungs. Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of bronchitis. More often than not, the viruses that cause cold and flu are responsible for causing the soreness of bronchial tubes. Bronchitis can also develop into pneumonia in the absence of prompt treatment.

COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Nucleus Health

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Bronchiolitis Bronchiolitis is really a pathogenic infection that generally affects children, however, premature infants are definitely at a greater risk of developing this respiratory situation. Viruses are causative agents with regard to bronchiolitis, and more often than not, it is the breathing synctial virus that is responsible for causing this respiratory condition. Viruses that are responsible for causing flu could also cause bronchiolitis. The viruses can become air-borne when an infected individual sneezes or coughs, and also the virus can be transmitted to those who find themselves in proximity to the infected individuals.

Since the immune system of babies hasn't developed completely, the symptoms can be quite severe. For the same reason, children who have not been breastfed are at a greater risk of developing severe symptoms. Although the symptoms are usually slight on the onset, within a couple of days, the child may develop nasal congestion, severe cough, wheezing or temperature. Nasal flaring and retraction of intercostal muscles may also occur as a result of labored breathing. In severe cases, the child may suffer from respiratory distress and the skin may turn bluish because of lack of oxygen. Under this kind of situations, child may require supplemental oxygen. Inhaled antiviral drugs may also be recommended for managing the viral infection. It is believed that children who have problems with bronchiolitis may develop asthma in future.


Leads to episodes marked by a spasmodic pattern of coughing. Directly affecting the pulmonary system, the cough is thick in consistency and varies in color depending on the severity of the condition. In the prodromal stages of the condition, a patient is found to eject yellow phlegm; however, if the condition is not checked on time, the sputum color may change to green, or may be stained with traces of blood.

Various lung diseases may also lead to coughing up of blood (a condition known as hemoptysis), skin color taking on a bluish color (due to lack of oxygen in the blood), and most commonly chest pain.

Tension: This can lead to complete lung collapse, i.e., both the lungs may collapse. The air trapped outside the lung is not able to escape, and hence, the amount of the air collected goes on growing with each breath. This is a rare condition that builds extreme pressure in the chest and may cause shock, low blood pressure, and if it gets more severe and is not treated soon, this may cause death.

  • You should talk to your doctor and find out the exact cause of chest discomfort and breathing difficulty.
  • This would help design proper treatment.
  • CT scan, chest X-ray, ECG, etc. help discover the underlying cause.

Treatment The treatment depends on whether the tuberculosis is latent or active. Treatment takes a long time and can span up to a period of more than 9 months. For latent TB, an antibiotic known as isoniazid (INH) is administered for a period of around 9 months. For active TB, the doctor usually prescribes a combination of four different types of antibiotics, given for a period of around 6 months, which might be extended to continue for another 3 - 4 months if needed. In severe cases, a surgery to remove the affected lung tissues may be required. It is imperative that the patient takes the medicines for the suggested period regularly without missing any dose.

When to Seek Medical Help?

It is important to contact your doctor if you develop these serious symptoms: Both cold and flu viruses enter the body through mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and mouth. Therefore, each time you touch one of those areas of your body you might invade yourself if you have been exposed to a virus. For that reason, it is very important, especially during cold and flu season, to wash your hands regularly and avoid close contact with sick people. To prevent seasonal flu, you can get a flu shot to develop antibodies and provide protection. Nevertheless, if you do get the flu (either seasonal or swine flu), prescription antiviral drugs such as tamiflu and relenza may help. Bed rest and chicken soup are good treatment options. In spite of following the aforesaid measures, in the event that you are still feeling poor or even getting worse after a couple of days, you ought to seek medical help.

  • Allergy As mentioned above, allergy is the most common cause of chest congestion.
  • Allergic reaction can be experienced from various airborne products; resulting in cough, rash and occasional congestion.
  • People allergic to pollen, smoke, dust, mold, etc., experience these symptoms.
  • Bronchitis Symptoms in ChildrenBronchitis Symptoms in Children Inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes is known as bronchitis. These tubes are the oxygen carrier pipes that carry air in order to as well as from the lungs. A person can experience either from acute or chronic bronchitis. Out of these,...
  • Kennel cough can be caused by viruses and (or) bacteria, but it has been noted that most cases of kennel cough are caused by the bacteria called Bordetella bronchiseptica, which infect the windpipe of dogs (bordetellosis). Among the viral agents of this disease, parainfluenza virus is the most common. Dogs with viral kennel cough may also develop bacterial (Bordetella) infection simultaneously.

    • Smoking . causes coughing of phlegm that is green, rusty-brown, yellow, blood-stained, or foul-smelling.
    • Gastroesophageal reflux, . or bacterial, or viral infections in the lungs, like acute bronchitis, whooping cough, and croup in children.
    • Asthma . is marked by major symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and dyspneal breathing.
    • Phlegm is coughed out with much difficulty due to which your throat may experience momentary irritation and/or aggravation.

    Can be a Little Different for Children

    While older children have the ability and senses to spit out the mucus, younger children will swallow it. This tends to cause upset stomachs and stomach aches. While the infection will not really spread to the stomach, the discomfort for the child will increase. Persistent coughing in children can also be due to whooping cough. Hence, it is very important that one contacts the doctor at the earliest.

    Self-care Measures Here are a few self-care measures to be taken at home if the condition does not show any serious symptoms:Things to AvoidWet Cough in Children

    • Know the Causes Common cold, . a frequent cause of acute coughing up of phlegm, especially in the morning.
    • Allergies . due to irritants, like dust, pet dander, chemical fumes, etc.

    Types of PneumoniaThe lungs tend to be divided into functional units referred to as lobes. If the infection or the soreness occurs only in a particular lobe it is known as lobar pneumonia; but if a number of areas all over the lungs are affected, it is known as bronchial pneumonia. However, pneumonia is more commonly classified as bacterial or viral, on the basis of the causative agent. Apart from this, other uncommon types of pneumonia include fungal, parasitic, idiopathic or noninfectious pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia.

    Given below is a brief introduction to the types of pneumonia as well as their recovery time particulars, followed by a few general information about this disease.

    Prescription Drugs

    Side effects of prescription drugs are common, especially when the dose of medicine is incorrect. The individual put on medications for the treatment of a specific disease, may feel sessions of continuous chills but surprisingly the temperature would be normal.

    Treatment Measures

    Acute bronchitis, in contrast to the chronic one, is not a cause for concern. In most cases, simple self-care steps at home are good enough for its treatment. Mother and father are advised to aid their sick child drink more fluids including water. Increasing fluid intake, helps in keeping the body hydrated, thereby thinning the mucous and making it easier to cough it up. It is important that the affected child gets plenty of sleep, since it would help the body heal faster. Aches and pains can be treated with over-the-counter pain prescriptions, however when children have been in consideration, talking to a chemist concerning the medication will be a safer alternative.

    Garlic: Garlic Contains Antibiotic and Antifungal Properties

    Chew on 2 cloves of garlic in the morning and evening. However, the taste of garlic is extremely strong which makes it difficult to chew. So, when you chew garlic, take 1 spoon of honey along with it. But, be warned about the fact that eating garlic can make your breath smell.

    Phlegm with Blood: Blood may appear in the sputum if you smoke excessively, or are exposed to pollution. Besides, coughing up phlegm with blood indicates that there is severe congestion in the respiratory passages, or minor damage to the tissue of the sinus and nasal cavities. However, phlegm with traces of blood must be attended to without delay, as it may be the indicator of an impending health problem. To err on the side of caution, consult a medical practitioner immediately.

    How Long is Bronchitis Contagious After Taking Antibiotics?

    Antibiotics are prescribed to treat bacterial cases of bronchitis. After taking antibiotics, the infection usually subsides completely in 7-8 days. But, antibiotics are ineffective against viral infection and chronic cases of bronchitis. In minor cases, the infection resolves on its own. Once the symptoms subside completely, after completing the course of antibiotics, bronchitis is not contagious.

    • Diseases that Affect the Lungs Lung diseases may result from problems in one or multiple parts of the organ.
    • Some common examples have been listed below.
    • Symptoms of Lung Disease
    • Remedy # 2 - Steaming One of the best remedy for a sore throat and dry cough is to carry through a steaming session.
    • Boil a vessel of water and add 3-4 drops of eucalyptus oil in it.
    • Then cover the vessel with a towel and go on to take a steam.
    • Come up for fresh air every time the steam gets too much for you.
    • Continue doing this till the water has cooled down.
    • Steaming dislodges the built mucus and pushes it down to the throat.
    • This then helps in speeding the healing process.
    • The other alternative is to draw a hot bath, add the eucalyptus oil in it and soak for 20 minutes.

    SolutionTo get this into control, quit smoking if you are into the habit of smoking and try to protect yourself from the exposure to these types of harmful substances. Other than that, medication varieties like bronchodilators and other forms of supplements or steroids may be prescribed to cure the particular burning chest pain.

    (Body Mass Index)

    O (airway obstruction) D (severity of dyspnea) E (exercise tolerance)Different methods are used to measure these four factors. Whilst a BMI chart is going to be sufficient to find out the body mass index of a person, blockage of airways can be measured utilizing spirometry, which provides the particular FEV1 value. Severity of dyspnea (shortness of breath) is measured as per the MMRC Dyspnea Scale, which provides five grades (0 in order to 4) on the basis of physical activities that can generate breathlessness. Exercise tolerance is often measured by the 6-minute walk test. The BODE index score can be calculated using the values of these four parameters. Increased BODE standing in many cases are associated with higher risk of passing away.

    Eating Too Fast

    Wolfing down large portions of food at one proceed, may also lead to trouble in breathing. Because, you eat hurriedly you give little or no time for your lungs to breathe. This limited oxygen is not enough for the digestion of food, you eat. The end result will be shortness of breath, when you are finished with your food. Hence, it is important that you eat smaller servings of food every time and at a slower pace. Eating your meals frequently, in small portions keeps several digestion issues at bay.

    • Remedy: Lowering the dose of the prescribed medicine might help to stop these types of negative effects.
    • However, if the 'chills' continue to trouble you, you're ready to change the medicine and look for other alternatives.

    Fennel Tea Made from fennel seed, this particular drink is also an excellent home remedy in order to cure sore throat and cough, each dried up as well as productive. Drinking or gargling with a cup of fennel tea helps get rid of the irritation in the throat. It also helps bring down the cough and soothes upper body pain which arises due to ongoing coughing and clearing of the throat. The fennel seeds are usually seeped in hot water, together with cardamom and coriander seeds for extra flavor. It's sweetened with maple syrup, and can be had at regular intervals.


    Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection of the lungs. Although the lungs are the most common site for this kind of infection to happen, it can occur in any organ of the body, like the spinal cord, kidneys, or the brain. TB is contagious and can spread to a healthy person from a person infected with it. TB may be either latent or active. A latent type does not show any symptoms until it becomes active.

    John DeanJohn Dean
    John is a content specialist at nutriburner.com, a collection of articles about alternative health tips. Previously, John worked as a manager for a well-known tech software site. When he's not researching articles, John enjoys painting and archery.